Fannie Mae DUS Loans for Multifamily and Apartment Properties
The Fannie Mae DUS loan is one of the most popular ways to finance apartments. DUS loans start at just $1 million and offer fixed and variable interest rates.
Fannie Mae Standard DUS Multifamily Financing Options
The Fannie Mae DUS loan is one of the most popular multifamily loan options in the industry, and, with a minimum loan size of $3 million, is typically used for the financing of larger multifamily developments and apartment buildings.
Fannie Mae has designated 24 DUS lenders. These lenders assume some of the risk for each loan, but in turn they have significantly more flexibility for providing more attractive loan terms, and underwriting processes go much faster than a traditional Fannie loan. In 2023, DUS lenders originated more than $69 billion in Fannie Mae multifamily loans.
Just like most other Fannie Mae multifamily loan options, Fannie Mae DUS loans offer competitive interest rates, are mainly non-recourse, and are fully assumable (with lender approval.)
However, unlike many other Fannie Mae multifamily loans, Fannie Mae DUS loans are typically balloon loans (not fully amortizing), and offer both fixed- and variable-rate financing options. Fannie Mae DUS loans are also available for the refinancing and cash-out refinancing of multifamily properties.
Keep reading below to learn more, or click here to download our easy-to-read Fannie Mae DUS loan term sheet.
Sample Fannie Mae Terms for DUS Loans in 2023
Size: $3 million+ (no set maximum, but smaller loans may be available on a case-by-case basis)
Terms: 5, 7, 10, 12, 15, 18, 20, 22, 25, and 30 year fixed-rate loan terms available, variable-rate (with option to convert to fixed-rate) and interest-only loan options are also available
Amortization: Up to 30 years, most loans are balloon loans, hybrid options may be available for a fee
Maximum LTV: 80%, 75-80% for cash-out refinances
Minimum DSCR: 1.25x
Recourse: Most loans are non-recourse with standard “bad boy” carve-outs
Prepayment Options: Yield maintenance or 1% prepayment penalty, whichever is larger
Credit Requirements: Credit score of 680+ typically required (this may be somewhat flexible, depending on the situation)
Eligible Borrowers: Borrowers must typically be a U.S. bankruptcy-remote, single asset Single Purpose Entity (SPE), though this may vary by lender. Partial, indirect foreign ownership is allowed with proper structuring.
Properties with 5+ units are eligible for Fannie Mae DUS loans, including:
Mixed-use commercial/residential properties
Properties with tenant-based Section 8 contracts
However, some property types are ineligible for Fannie Mae DUS loans, including:
Properties with a homeowner's association (HOA)
Fractured ownership condos
Housing Assistance Program properties (these are eligible for Fannie Mae Multifamily Affordable Housing Loans)
Non-contiguous town homes or duplexes (these may be eligible with a waiver, but that can be difficult to obtain)
New construction developments or properties that require substantial rehabilitation
Properties involving a healthcare component
Very competitive interest rates
Up to 80% LTV
Most loans are non-recourse
Supplemental loans are permitted after 12 months
30- 180 day rate locks available after commitment (some lenders may allow rate locks of up to 1 year)
Mezzanine financing is available
Interest-only payment options are also available
Loans are assumable with lender approval
Requires replacement reserves
Typically requires 85% physical occupancy, 80% economic occupancy for 90 days before closing
Requires third-party reports including an Appraisal, a Physical Needs Assessment, and a Phase I Environmental Assessment
Requires a $20,500 application deposit and a $3,000 processing fee
Absentee owners typically need to hire third-party management, and need a strong track record in the multifamily industry (local owners typically do not)
Subordinate debt is not allowed
Often requires a credit score of 680 (though this may be flexible)
Case Study: Buying With Fannie DUS in Denver
Meet Caroline, a real estate investor looking to invest in a larger multifamily property in Denver, Colorado. She discovered a well-maintained 23-unit apartment building in an attractive neighborhood. Caroline needed a financing solution that would cater to her specific needs for a larger investment property.
After researching her options, Caroline found the Fannie Mae Standard DUS Multifamily loan, which is ideal for larger multifamily developments and apartment buildings. The loan offers competitive interest rates, is mainly non-recourse, and is fully assumable with lender approval.
The apartment building had a purchase price of $3.2 million, calculated at $140,000 per unit. Caroline managed to secure a Fannie Mae DUS loan at 75% LTV, which amounted to a loan of $2.4 million. With a 10-year fixed-rate term and a 30-year amortization period, Caroline benefited from stable and predictable payments.
Thanks to the Fannie Mae DUS loan, Caroline was able to invest in the larger multifamily property in Denver. This financing solution allowed her to grow her investment portfolio and provide quality housing options to families in the thriving Denver market.
This is a fictional case study provided for illustrative purposes.